consider adding tart cherries like Montmorency or their juice to your late-night snack options.
A few, small studies suggest that they may help you sleep better. What’s more, they have anti-inflammatory benefits and may offer protection against inflammation-related conditions like arthritis and heart disease (6Trusted Source, 7Trusted Source).
In a recent study, a small group of older women with insomnia drank 8 ounces (240 ml) of 100% tart cherry juice or a placebo drink at breakfast and 1–2 hours before bedtime.
After two weeks, an on-site sleep test showed that those drinking cherry juice slept nearly one and a half hours more at night, compared to the placebo group (8Trusted Source).
Tart cherries contain the sleep-promoting hormone melatonin, but only a relatively small amount.
However, they also contain the phytochemical procyanidin B-2, thought to protect the amino acid tryptophan in your blood, which can be used to make melatonin (9Trusted Source).
An 8-ounce (240-ml) glass of 100% tart cherry juice or one-third cup (40 grams) of dried tart cherries have around 140 calories (10Trusted Source).
SUMMARY -Tart cherries and their juice make an ideal late-night snack since studies suggest they may help you sleep better. Eight ounces (240-ml) of 100% tart cherry juice or one-third cup (40 grams) of dried tart cherries have around 140 calories.
One small banana dipped in a tablespoon (16 grams) of unsweetened almond butter is a tasty, 165-calorie pairing that may even help you sleep (10Trusted Source, 11).
One study in healthy men found a more than 4-fold increase in melatonin blood levels within two hours of eating two bananas (12Trusted Source).
Bananas are one of the few fruits known to be relatively rich in the nerve messenger serotonin, some of which your body converts to melatonin.
Almonds and almond butter supply some melatonin as well. Plus, they’re a good source of healthy fats, vitamin E and magnesium (13).
Magnesium has been linked to good sleep, since it may support your body’s production of melatonin (14Trusted Source, 15Trusted Source, 16Trusted Source).
SUMMARY Snacking on a banana dipped in almond butter may help increase your body’s melatonin levels to support a good night’s sleep — all that for only about 165 calories.
This fuzzy-skinned, sweet-tart fruit is nutritious and figure-friendly.
Two peeled kiwis pack only 93 calories, 5 grams of fiber and 190% of the recommended daily intake (RDI) of vitamin C (17).
In addition, kiwis may help you sleep better.
The fruit was put to the test in a study in 24 adults with sleep difficulties. Participants ate two kiwis one hour before bed every night. Sleep diaries and a sleep wrist watch were used to track sleep.
After one month, people noticed a 35% decrease in the time it took them to fall asleep. They also slept about 13% longer and 5% better (18Trusted Source).
Kiwis are one of few fruits containing a good amount of the nerve messenger serotonin, which has a relaxing effect and can help you fall asleep faster. Serotonin also helps curb carb cravings (19Trusted Source, 20Trusted Source).
Though larger studies are needed to confirm the sleep benefits of kiwi, there are plenty of other reasons to enjoy this fruit in the meantime.
SUMMARY - Kiwis are a light, satisfying snack that’s rich in vitamin C. Two peeled kiwis pack only 93 calories. They’re also a natural source of serotonin, which promotes relaxation and helps curb appetite.
Pistachios stand out among other nuts for their high levels of sleep-promoting melatonin.
Though all plant foods are thought to naturally contain this substance, few have as much as pistachios (9Trusted Source).
One ounce (28 grams) of shelled pistachios, which is about a handful, has 160 calories and about 6.5 mg of melatonin (9Trusted Source, 21).
For comparison, the amount of melatonin typically recommended to aid sleep is 0.5–5 mg (8Trusted Source).
SUMMARYA - handful (1 ounce or 28 grams) of shelled pistachios packs as much sleep-promoting melatonin as a dietary supplement, at only 160 calories.
Eating a protein-rich snack before bed could support muscle repair and help slow down age-related muscle loss, particularly if you exercise routinely (22Trusted Source).
Smoothies are an easy and tasty way to sneak in protein-rich milk before bed.
For example, blend 8 ounces (240 ml) of low-fat milk with 2/3 cups (110 grams) of frozen pineapple for a tropical treat with only around 160 calories (23, 24).
What’s more, milk is rich in tryptophan. Your body uses this amino acid to make both serotonin and melatonin, which aid sleep (25Trusted Source).
Pineapple has been found to boost melatonin levels as well (12Trusted Source).
SUMMARYA - milk-based smoothie supplies protein for muscle repair and tryptophan, which is used to make sleep-promoting brain chemicals. An 8-ounce (240-ml) smoothie with low-fat milk and pineapple packs only about 160 calories.
The red-orange color of these sweet-tart berries hints at their rich supply of antioxidants, including carotenoids.
Goji berries also contain a bit of melatonin, which may help you sleep (26Trusted Source).
In a preliminary, two-week study, participants drank 4 ounces (120 ml) of goji berry juice or a placebo beverage.
More than 80% of people in the goji berry group reported improved sleep quality, and about 70% found it easier to wake up, while around 50% reported feeling less tired. People in the placebo group reported no such benefits (27Trusted Source).
Larger, more rigorous studies are needed to confirm these sleep benefits, but goji berries are a simple, nutrient-rich snack, in any case.
One-fourth cup (40 grams) of dried goji berries has 150 calories. You can eat them like raisins or add them to trail mix or cereal (10Trusted Source).
SUMMARY - Goji berries are an antioxidant-rich snack, which may aid .
good sleep. One-fourth cup (40 grams) of these tasty, dried berries has only 150 calories.
Snacks that offer a balance of carbs and protein like whole-grain crackers and cheese support consistent blood sugar levels (28Trusted Source).
From a sleep perspective, combining a carb-rich food like crackers with a good tryptophan source like cheese helps make tryptophan more available to your brain (25Trusted Source, 29Trusted Source).
This means that the compound can be used to make serotonin and melatonin, which aid sleep.
A serving of 4 whole-wheat crackers (16 grams) and one stick of reduced-fat cheddar cheese (28 grams) is around 150 calories (30, 31).
SUMMARY- The combo of protein from cheese and carbs from crackers supports steady blood sugar levels and the production of sleep-supportive brain chemicals. What’s more, 4 crackers and 1 stick (28 grams) of reduced-fat cheese pack only 150 calories.
Hot cereal isn’t just for breakfast. It’s also a great way to wind down at night.
Hot, whole-grain cereals like oatmeal are good sources of fiber. Plus, they’re generally a healthier choice than cold, more refined products.
You can also think outside the box by turning cooked barley or whole-grain rice into hot cereal with the addition of milk and toppings like cinnamon, nuts or dried fruit.
Prepare whole grains that require longer cooking times in advance and store them in your fridge for a few days. Simply add a bit of water and reheat the grains when you’re ready for a late-night snack.
Besides satisfying your hunger, oats, barley and rice (especially black or red rice) are natural sources of melatonin (9Trusted Source).
One three-quarter cup (175 grams) of cooked oatmeal made with water averages 124 calories. Sprinkling it with 1 tablespoon (9 grams) of raisins adds 27 calories (32, 33).
SUMMARY - Just about any cooked whole grain can be combined with milk or other toppings for a healthy late-night snack. The melatonin in grains like oats and barley supports sleep, and a 3/4 cup (175 grams) of cooked oatmeal made with water only has 124 calories.
You can buy trail mix pre-made or purchase your favorite ingredients individually and make your own.
Dried fruits, nuts and seeds are typical healthy choices. Mix them together and pre-portion about one-fourth cup (38 grams) into snack-sized bags or reusable tubs.
Since trail mix ingredients are generally calorie-dense, it’s important to watch your portion size. A one-fourth-cup (38-gram) serving of trail mix averages 173 calories (34).
Besides supplying healthy fats, B vitamins and minerals, certain trail mix add-ins may even support sleep.
For example, walnuts, sunflower seeds and dried cranberries have been noted for their melatonin contents (9Trusted Source).
SUMMARY - Some trail mix ingredients, such as walnuts and dried cranberries, contain sleep-promoting melatonin. A one-fourth-cup (38-gram) serving averages 173 calories, depending on the mix. Measure your trail mix portions to avoid excess calories.
Yogurt is an excellent source of calcium. Long known for keeping your bones strong, this mineral has more recently also been linked to better sleep (14Trusted Source, 35Trusted Source).
Your body needs calcium to make melatonin from the amino acid tryptophan (36Trusted Source).
Yogurt, especially Greek yogurt, is also rich in protein, particularly casein.
Preliminary studies suggest that consuming casein protein at night may help reduce hunger the next morning (4Trusted Source, 37Trusted Source).
If yogurt is your snack of choice, opt for plain and flavor it with unsweetened fruit, such as berries or peaches.
A 6-ounce (170-gram) container of plain, nonfat yogurt has 94 calories. Mixing in a half cup (74 grams) of blueberries adds 42 calories (38, 39).
SUMMARY - Yogurt is a good source of protein, which helps curb hunger.
It’s also rich in calcium, which has been linked to better sleep. A 6-ounce (170-gram) container of plain, nonfat yogurt has only 94 calories.
Tortillas can be filled in any number of ways to satisfy late-night hunger.
For a simple snack, warm one whole-grain tortilla, top it with hummus, unsweetened nut butter or sundried tomato spread, roll it up and enjoy.
A 6-inch (30-gram) tortilla averages 94 calories. Adding 1 tablespoon (15 grams) of hummus increases the number of calories by 25 (40, 41).
If you need something a little heartier, try adding leftover chopped chicken breast, leafy greens and dried cranberries.
Chicken is a notable source of tryptophan, which is needed for making melatonin. Dried cranberries supply melatonin as well (9Trusted Source, 25Trusted Source).
SUMMARYA - small, whole-grain tortilla is a blank slate for a healthy late-night snack, at only 94 calories. Just add nutritious toppings or fillings, such as hummus and leftover chicken breast, and enjoy.
A 1-ounce (28-gram) serving of pumpkin seeds has 146 calories and provides 37% of the RDI for magnesium, which has been linked to better sleep (14Trusted Source, 15Trusted Source, 42).
Pumpkin seeds are also rich in tryptophan (43Trusted Source).
Eating some carbs like half an apple or some raisins together with pumpkin seeds encourages your body to route the tryptophan in the seeds to your brain to make melatonin.
In a small, preliminary, one-week study, some participants consumed 250 mg of tryptophan from pumpkin seeds daily, plus carbs in the form of a nutrition bar. These people slept 5% better and spent less time awake (44Trusted Source).
In comparison, people who received 250 mg of supplemental, drug-quality tryptophan powder and carbs in a nutrition bar slept 7% better. A control group who ate a carb-only snack did not report improved sleep quality (44Trusted Source).
Larger studies are needed to confirm these results. Still, it’s encouraging that tryptophan from a food, such as pumpkin seeds, may have a similar effect to pure, supplemental tryptophan.
SUMMARY - Pumpkin seeds are rich in magnesium and tryptophan, which may help support sleep, particularly when eaten with carbs, such as raisins or fresh fruit. A 1-ounce (28-gram) serving of pumpkin seeds has 146 calories.
Edamame, which are unripe, green soybeans, can be purchased fresh or frozen.
For a simple, late-night snack, toss fresh or thawed, shelled edamame with a bit of salt and pepper. You don’t even need to cook them. A half-cup (113-gram) serving has 150 calories (10Trusted Source).
Alternatively, you can buy dry-roasted edamame, which is similar to fully mature, roasted soybeans (soy nuts). One-fourth cup (30 grams) has 130 calories (10Trusted Source).
Edamame is a good source of protein, which includes a notable amount of the amino acid tryptophan (25Trusted Source).
To help shuttle the tryptophan to your brain to make melatonin, pair the edamame with carbs.
For example, use edamame instead of garbanzo beans in your favorite hummus recipe and spread it on whole-grain toast or pair dry-roasted edamame with dried fruit.
SUMMARY- Green soybeans, known as edamame, are a good source of protein, including the amino acid tryptophan. Buy them fresh, frozen or dry-roasted. One-half cup (113 grams) of fresh edamame has 150 calories, while dry-roasted edamame are higher in calories.
Eggs are incredibly versatile and can be used in a variety of snacks, depending on how much time and effort you want to put in.
For example, keep some hard-boiled eggs on hand in your refrigerator for a quick snack or to turn them into egg salad as a spread for crackers.
There are also many grain-free, scrambled-egg muffin recipes online. These tasty treats can often be frozen and reheated at a later point in a muffin pan or your microwave.
One large egg has just 72 calories and supplies 6 grams of hunger-satisfying protein, including 83 mg of tryptophan (45).
SUMMARY - You may not think of eggs as a snack, but they’re quick to cook and a good source of protein, which helps tame your hunger. One large egg has just 72 calories.
If you’re looking for a large snack serving that doesn’t pack a lot of calories, reach for fresh strawberries.
Strawberries are an excellent source of vitamin C and contain a notable amount of melatonin (9Trusted Source).
One cup (166 grams) of sliced strawberries has only 53 calories. At that rate, you could enjoy two cups and still stay well below the recommended 200-calorie limit for late-night snacks (46).
Alternatively, pair a cup (166 grams) of sliced strawberries with 1 ounce (28 grams) of brie. The cheese adds 94 calories and about 6 grams of hunger-satisfying protein (47).
Keep in mind that brie and other types of soft cheese are not recommended for pregnant women. Eating soft cheese carries a risk of listeria infections, which may cause miscarriage (48Trusted Source).
SUMMARY -Fresh strawberries are great when you want a visually-satisfying, large serving for few calories. Pairing them with brie provides protein to help satisfy hunger longer. One cup (166 grams) of strawberries with a 1-ounce (28-gram) side of brie has only 147 calories.